Exam Syllabus for Assistant Director Of Agriculture
Part-1 General Knowledge of Chhattisgarh
1. History of Chhattisgarh and contributions of Chhattisgarh in freedom struggle.
2. Geography, water, mineral resources, climate and physical conditions.
3. Literature, music, dance, art and culture of Chhattisgarh.
4. Tribals, dialects, teej and festivals of Chhattisgarh.
5. Economy, forest and agriculture of Chhattisgarh.
6. Administrative structure of Chhattisgarh, local government and Panchayati Raj.
7. Human Resources and energy resources in Chhattisgarh.
8. Education, health and contemporary events in Chhattisgarh.
1. FUNDAMENTALS OF HORTICULTURE, ECONOMY & PLANT PROPAGATION, NUTRITION OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS.
Economy, production, and employment generation. Assessment of irrigation requirements for different horticultural crops and different methods of irrigation. Pruning and training, their objectives and methods. Pollination and fruit set and their control problems and requirements, flower and fruit drop, stages, causes and remedial measures. Fruit thinning, objectives, advantages and disadvantages. Unfruitfulness, reasons and remedial measures. Selection of site for commercial nursery. Ecological and economic factors. Sexual and asexual propagation and its importance. Role of rootstocks in fruit production. Role of growth regulators in propagation. Importance of micro propagation of plants. Common horticultural implements and tools used in Chhattisgarh.
2. CULTIVATION OF HORTICULTURAL/AGRICULTURE CROPS : FRUIT, VEGETABLE, FLOWER, MEDICINAL, AROMATIC, SPICES & CONDIMENTS CROPS.
Area, production, importance, uses, origin, distribution, botany, classification of varieties, use of rootstocks, high density planting, climate, soils, planting methods, training and pruning, nutrition, irrigation scheduling, intercrops, weed control, problems in orchard management, flowering, fruit set, problems in fruit set, harvesting indices, harvesting, preharvest treatments, use of growth regulators, yield, grading, packing for internal and export markets,
ripening methods and storage in respect of Fruits like citrus spp., mango, banana, anola, ber, pomegranate, grape, pineapple, guava, papaya and sapota. Plantation Crops Lime, Coconut, cashew nut, oil palm, coffee, tea, areca nut and rubber. In vegetable crops like tomato, brinjal, chilies, potato, okra, cucurbitaceous crops like cucumber, pumpkin, ridge gourd, snake gourd, bitter gourd, bottle gourd, water melon, must melon, cluster bean, French bean, dolichos bean, pea, broad bean, cabbage, cauliflower, knolkhol, radish, carrot, beetroot, turnip, onion, garlic, sweet potato, tapioca, amorphophallus, colacasia, dioscorea, yam, amaranthus, palak, Roselle, perennial vegetables like drumstick, coccinia and poited gourd. Flower crops such as rose, chrysanthemum, jasmine, carnations, gladiolus, anthurium, tuberose, china aster, marigold, crossandra and gerbera.
Medicinal and aromatic crops such as Aloe, aonla, ashwagandha, dioscorea, sarpangandha, isabgol, fox glove, senna, coleus, safed musli and asparagus. Citronella, lemon grass, palmarosa, vettiver, geranium, mint. Spices and condiments Turmeric, ginger, coriander, fenugreek, cardamom, pepper, cinnamon, clove and cumin.
3. PRESERVATION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
Principles of preservation various methods of preservation Preservation of fruits and vegetables through canning, bottling, freezing, dehydration, drying. Micro-organisms associated with spoilage of fruit and vegetable products. Spoilage of canned products and precautions.
4. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, GROWTH REGULATION & HARMONES
Plant growth substances and their classification. History, occurrence, distribution, mode of action, movement, mechanism of action and function of auxins, gibberellins, cytokines, ethylene, inhibitors, retardants, phenolic substances and morph actins. Role of plant growth regulators and their use.
5. PLANT PROTECTION
Commonly occurring diseases, Insect pest and their control measures and Integrated pest management of Horticultural crops.
6. PROTECTED CULTIVATION
Greenhouse management of horticultural crops Importance, uses, scope and production of horticultural crops in greenhouse. Points to be considered before establishing a greenhouse. Management of light, temperature (greenhouse heating and cooling), CO2 and relative humidity inside the greenhouse. Various types of growing media used and their suitability for different horticultural crops. Management of nutrients through fertigation.
7. ORNAMENTAL GARDENING AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
Study of ornamental trees, shrubs and climbers used in bioaesthetic or landscape gardening. Study of cacti, succulents and bonsai. Principles of garden designs, types of gardens Various features of gardens such as paths, garden walls, fencing, steps, edges, hedges, arches, pergolas, shrubbery, topiary, rockery, flower beds, lawns, fountains, statues, water garden, conservatory and glass or greenhouse. Indoor plants, and their management. Flower arrangement – principles, styles, containers and holding solutions.
8. DRY LAND HORTICULTURE AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT & SOCIAL AND FARM FORESTRY
Dry land horticulture farming, introduction, to India in general and C.G. in particular. Importance of horticultural crops in dry land, yield potential of agriculture and horticulture crops in dry lands. Fruits and vegetables crops suitable for dry land farming. Adaptive features of dry land fruit crops for drought and salinity. Watershed management.
Cultural practices like planting, training, pruning, nutrition and water management and harvesting of important dry land fruits viz., ber, pomegranate, custard apple, phalsa, fig, aonla, jamun and tamarind. Farm forestry – objectives and role, need for shelter belts and wind breaks, types of farm forestry.
9. Breeding principles, heredity and variation Mendel’s law of inheritance, mutation & breeding methods of different tropical & subtropical fruits, vegetables and spices crops.
10. Statistical methods for Agriculture applied science, data presentation, Analysis, Interpretation, Probability, Test of Significance and Regression. Experimental design specially used in horticultural experiment and its analysis.