Indian Agriculture- Status, Importance and Role in Indian Economy
Agriculture is an important part of India’s economy and at present it is
among the top two farm producers in the world. This sector provides
approximately 52 percent of the total number of jobs available in India
and contributes around 18.1 percent to the GDP. Agriculture is the
only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in
India. As being stated by the economic data of financial year 2006-07,
agriculture has acquired 18 percent of India’s GDP. The agriculture
sector of India has occupied almost 43percent of India’s geographical
Keywords: GDP. Agriculture Sector.
Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Over 70 percent of rural
households depend on agriculture. Agriculture is an important sector of the Indian
economy as it contributes about 17% to the total GDP and provides employment to
over 60% of the population. Indian agriculture has registered impressive growth over
the last few decades. The food grain production has increased from 51 million tonnes
(MT) in 1950-51 to 250MT during 2011-12 highest ever since independence.
2. Objectives of the Study1. To current Status.
2. To provide a basis of monitoring and evaluation
3. Current Status
1. The Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture
(DESMOA) is responsible for the collection,.(a) weekly and daily wholesales
prices, (b) retail prices of essential commodities, (c) farm harvest prices.
2. Weekly wholesale prices cover 140 agricultural commodities from 620
3. Retail prices of essential commodities are collected on a weekly basis from 83
market centres in respect of 88 commodities (49 food and 39 non-food) by the
staff of the State Market Intelligence Units, State Directorates of Economics
and Statistics (DESs) and State Department of Food and Civil Supplies.
4. Farm Harvest Prices are collected by the field staff of the State revenue
departments for 31 commodities at the end of each crop season and published
by the DESMOA.
3.1 Some salient facts about Agricultural scenario
1. Agriculture is the largest provider of livelihood in rural India
2. It contributes 25 percent to India’s GDP
3. It is still dependent primarily on the monsoons
4. The growth in agricultural production has been stagnant for the past several years.
5. The drought in north and western parts in FY09 created shortages in supply of food grains.
3.3 Role of agriculture in the Indian economy
1. Share in National Income:
2. Largest Employment Providing Sector:
3. Contribution to Capital formation:
4. Providing Raw Material to industries
5. The market for Industrial Products:
3.4 Importance in International Trade:
1. Share in national income
2. Source of employment-
3. Provision of food grains.
4. Supply of raw materials to the industrial sector.
5. The market for industrial products.
6. Earner of foreign exchange.
7. Significance for trade and transport.
8. Source of revenue for the government-
1. Change is happening in rural India but it has still a long way to go
2. Agriculture has benefited from improved farming techniques but the growth is
3. Land use is changing in rural areas as farmers are getting good value for their
holdings. The effort should be to stop the migration to urban areas
4. Wholesale prices are primarily used to monitor the weekly price movements.
5. The number of essential commodities should be reduced to an absolute minimum, especially
the non-food crops.